{Otheruses1|the U.S. State of West Virginia}}

State of West Virginia
Flag of West Virginia WV State Seal
Flag of West Virginia Seal
Nickname(s): Mountain State
Motto(s): Montani semper liberi
Official language(s) none (de facto English)
Demonym West Virginian
Capital Charleston
Largest city Charleston
Largest metro area Charleston metro area
Area  Ranked 41st in the US
 - Total 24,230 sq mi
(62,755 km²)
 - Width 130 miles (210 km)
 - Length 240 miles (385 km)
 - % water 0.6
 - Latitude 37° 12′ N to 40° 39′ N
 - Longitude 77° 43′ W to 82° 39′ W
Population  Ranked 37th in the US
 - Total 1,812,035 (2007 est.)[1]
 - Density 75.1/sq mi  (29.0/km²)
Ranked 27th in the US
 - Median income  $38,029 (48th)
 - Highest point Spruce Knob[2]
4,863 ft  (1,427 m)
 - Mean 1,500 ft  (460 m)
 - Lowest point Harpers Ferry[2]
240 ft  (73 m)
Admission to Union  June 20, 1863 (35)
Governor Joe Manchin (D)
Lieutenant Governor Earl Ray Tomblin (D)[3]
U.S. Senators Robert C. Byrd (D)
Jay Rockefeller (D)
U.S. House delegation 1: Alan Mollohan (D)
2: Shelley Moore Capito (R)
3: Nick Rahall (D) (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations WV US-WV

West Virginia (en-us-West Virginia.ogg /ˌwɛst vərˈdʒɪnjə/ ) is a state in the Appalachian, Upland South, and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States, bordered by Virginia on the southeast, Kentucky on the southwest, Ohio on the northwest, and Pennsylvania and Maryland on the northeast. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

Historically the area now occupied by West Virginia was contested territory, mainly by Pennsylvania and Virginia. Some speculative land companies, such as the Vandalia Company,[4] and later the Ohio Company and Indiana Company tried to legitimize their claims to land in parts of West Virginia and Kentucky but failed. With the settlement of the Pennsylvania and Virginia border dispute, which resulted in the creation of Kentucky, Kentuckians "were satisfied...and the inhabitants of a large part of West Virginia were grateful."[5]

After the Wheeling Conventions, West Virginia broke away from Virginia during the American Civil War and was admitted to the Union as a separate state on June 20, 1863, and was a key Civil War "border state." It is one of only two states formed during the American Civil War (along with Nevada, which separated from Utah Territory) and is the only state to form by seceding from a Confederate state.

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